Structuring Your Project The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Python

They remove comments, so they don’t appear in the working scripts. Therefore, comments do not have negative effects on production at all. As time goes on, programs become more and more complex. It becomes necessary to add comments which describe what the code does and why. Python has two kinds of built-in or user-defined types.

structuring code

For example, a request may load an item in memory and mark it as read by a user. If another request requires the deletion of this item at the same time, the deletion may actually occur after the first process loaded the item, and then we have to mark a deleted object as read. Aside from some naming restrictions, nothing special is required for a Python file to be a module. But you need to understand the import mechanism in order to use this concept properly and avoid some issues. However, using other characters in module names will prevent importing (- is the subtract operator).

Structuring JavaScript Code

Everyone thought about the best code structure for the project at some point also. Comments increase the overall code footprint, but that’s not a problem at all. There are many tools which minify code before publishing to a production server.

Python provides a very straightforward packaging system, which is simply an extension of the module mechanism to a directory. To test an actively changing codebase also requires them to have an isolated environment setup for each instance of the codebase. Use a simple path modification to resolve the package properly. If you aren’t sure which license you should use for your project, check out

2 Order of Code

Pure functions are much easier to change or replace if they need to be refactored or optimized. This and other issues led to the idea that using stateless functions is a better programming paradigm. Makes the code harder to read and makes dependencies less compartmentalized.

  • Side-effects are the changes that a function makes to its implicit context.
  • A decorator is a function or a class that wraps a function or a method.
  • There are several child classes that provide a wide range of discretization techniques for convective fluxes, viscous fluxes, and any source terms that might be present in a given PDE.
  • We then discuss various perspectives on how to build code which can be extended and tested reliably.

There are a few things you can understand about indentation. Method) and the actual use of the object state through one of its methods, the world may have changed, and the retained state may be outdated.

How to think about Terraform configuration structure?

These can be either built-in modules such as os and sys, third-party modules you have installed in your environment, or your project’s internal modules. In this case you will have to resort to fragile hacks such as using import statements inside your methods or functions. In this section, we take a closer look at Python’s modules and import systems as they are the central elements to enforcing structure in your project. We then discuss various perspectives on how to build code which can be extended and tested reliably.

Article was published on: 09/28/22

Author: Viktor Nikolaev

Victor is a professional crypto investor and stockbroker, specializing in such areas as trading on the stock exchange, cryptov currencies, forex, stocks and bonds. In this blog he shares the secrets of trading, current currency indices, crypt currency rates and tells about the best forex brokers. If you have any questions, you can always contact

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