Loop through an array in JavaScript

An array is a single variable used to store elements of different datatypes so that they can be accessed through a single variable. The Array.keys() method returns an Array Iterator object with the keys of an array. The forEach() method calls a function once for each array element. The for…in statement iterates over the enumerable string properties of an object, while the for…of statement iterates over values that the iterable object defines to be iterated over. Variable Receives a value from the sequence on each iteration.

You want to search an array for a specific value and get the array element index if found. The array element count decreases by one with each popped element, as pop modifies the array. The array element count increments with each pushed element. Multidimensional arrays are typically used to hold the data from a table structure, but how the structure is maintained is up to the developer. For instance, the developer can support an array structure in which the outer index reflects the columns, and the inner reflects the rows.

JS Examples

You may not need all of them, but they can be very useful, or would be if every browser supported them. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search.

javascript loop array

Premature optimization is super bad, but if optimization happens to result from stylistic decisions I don’t think it actually matters. The first example of the “while” syntax won’t work if any of the array elements is falsy. For…in gives you a key using which you can access array elements. But the problem is that it doesn’t restrict itself to the numeric property values , nor is it guaranteed to iterate over those in numeric order. Therefore, the for…in syntax should not be used for looping through Arrays. @zipcodeman suggests the use of the for…in statement, but for iterating arrays for-in should be avoided, that statement is meant to enumerate object properties.

JavaScript – Loop over Elements of an Array

The following example shows the difference between a for…of loop and a for…in loop when used with an Array. Both for…in and for…of statements iterate over something. The main difference between them is in what they iterate over. In JavaScript, there are so many solutions to loop an array.

  • The source of the sequence of values on which the loop operates.
  • One you’ve created an array, using Array object or literal notation, you can access the array elements in a loop, or use any number of array methods.
  • Create an associative array, but you’re not using the Array object to do so.
  • The order of iteration is not guaranteed; the array indexes may not be visited in numeric order.
  • This is a good article if you like to learn more about the asynchronous functions over arrays in JavaScript.
  • Array.lastIndexOf() is the same as Array.indexOf(), but returns the position of the last occurrence of the specified element.
  • The solution demonstrates that the same callback function can be used for both the every and the some Array object methods.

Each operation of the loop on a value is called an iteration, and the loop is said to iterate over the iterable. Each iteration executes statements that may refer to the current sequence value. Statement A statement to be executed on every iteration. You can use a block statement to execute multiple statements. The source of the sequence of values on which the loop operates. It doesn’t create needless variables or function context.

Check if any of the elements in an array pass a test

See Why is using “for…in” for array iteration a bad idea? You can loop through an array by many different methods.

Therefore, you won’t return a value when using forEach, but you must return a value when using map. For iterating over arrays sequential loops are always recommended… The filter method is another ECMAScript 5 addition, like forEach and map, covered in Recipes 5.11 and 5.12, respectively. Like them, the method is a way of applying a callback function to every array element.

JS Async

If the condition is true, the code inside the while loop is executed. For example, if we have an array and want to output each element in the array, rather than using the index number to do so one by one, we can simply loop through and perform this operation once.

Article was published on: 10/10/22

Author: Viktor Nikolaev

Victor is a professional crypto investor and stockbroker, specializing in such areas as trading on the stock exchange, cryptov currencies, forex, stocks and bonds. In this blog he shares the secrets of trading, current currency indices, crypt currency rates and tells about the best forex brokers. If you have any questions, you can always contact nikolaev@forexaggregator.com

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